Invasive/infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common type of breast cancer, accounting for approximately 80 percent of all diagnoses and more than 144,000 new US cases annually. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a molecularly diverse subgroup defined by a lack of ER, PR, and Her-2/neu expression, comprises about 15 percent of all IDC cases. Black women are twice as likely to present with TNBC, as evidenced by a study evaluating 39,000 women. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
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Carotid artery stenosis (CAS), which most frequently occurs at the carotid bifurcation, is responsible for up to 20 percent of the nearly 800,000 strokes and 170,000 stroke-related deaths that occur annually in the United States. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.CME Credit Form
The incidence of melanoma in the United States continues to rise, with nearly 90,000 new cases projected for 2017, 25 percent of which will occur in people younger than 40 years. Melanoma accounts for just one percent of all skin cancer diagnoses but is the primary cause of skin cancer mortality, responsible for almost 10,000 US deaths annually. Although melanoma can arise de novo, approximately half of all cases develop from a preexisting pigmented lesion. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.CME Credit Form
AF is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, affecting an estimated 2.7 to 6.1 million people in the United States, or approximately two percent of individuals <65 years and nine percent of those ≥65 years. Aside from increasing age and family history, hypertension is the greatest risk factor for AF, accounting for more than one-fifth of all cases. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer among US males.1 In 2016, nearly 181,000 new cases were diagnosed, and more than 26,000 men died from the disease. The strongest risk factors are age (rates increase until age 70 and decline thereafter), positive family history (having an affected first-degree relative elevates risk two-fold), and black race. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.CME Credit Form