AAA is a degenerative process occurring between the diaphragm and the aortic bifurcation that results in a segmental, full-thickness dilatation of the abdominal aorta exceeding the normal vessel diameter by 50 percent (i.e., ≥3.0 cm). AAAs, approximately 85 percent of which are infrarenal, are usually asymptomatic until they rupture, an often fatal event with a mortality of 85 to 90 percent. Of those patients who reach the hospital, only 50 to 70 percent survive. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
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Osteosarcomas can develop in any bone but have a predilection for the metaphyseal regions of the long bones of the extremities. The femur is the most common site for osteosarcoma formation, accounting for 42 percent of all cases, three-quarters of which are located in the distal femur (Table 1). Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
ATC is a rare form of undifferentiated cancer that accounts for less than two percent of all thyroid cancers but has a disproportionately high mortality rate of 33 to 50 percent. Patients are usually in their sixth or seventh decade of life at presentation, have an average median survival of five months, and fewer than 20 percent are alive one year after diagnosis. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Low back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal problem worldwide, experienced by more than eight in 10 adults at some point in their lives. In addition to its enormous impact on daily activities, quality of life, and work-related disability, the economic burden of LBP is staggering, exceeding $100 billion per year in direct and indirect costs in the United States alone. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), also called birth asphyxia, is a clinical syndrome of disturbed neurologic function in the earliest days after birth of an infant. It is manifested by difficulty initiating and maintaining respiration; depression of tone and reflexes; subnormal level of consciousness; and often, seizures. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.