The first human lung transplant was performed in 1963, with the recipient surviving for 18 days before succumbing to renal failure and malnutrition. Although this operation established the technical feasibility of lung transplantation, few others were per formed until the mid-1980s, when advances in surgical techniques and the advent of cyclosporine immunosuppression made transplantation an accepted option for end-stage lung disease. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
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UPJ obstruction is the most common cause of pediatric hydronephrosis, with an incidence of one in 500 live births. Twice as many cases are diagnosed in infant boys as girls, and more than 60 percent involve the left kidney. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Atrial fibrillation, or AF, the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia with uncoordinated atrial activation resulting in ineffective atrial contraction. AF affects more than 2.5 million American adults and accounts for approximately one-third of hospitalizations for cardiac rhythm disturbances. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Owing to the global obesity epidemic, NAFLD has become a primary cause of chronic liver disease worldwide, with prevalence in the United States exceeding 30 percent. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) refers to an underdeveloped or shallow, upwardly sloping acetabulum with decreased coverage of the femoral head, typically the superior and posterior aspects, although significant anterior uncovering may occur. Read the full story & the medicine behind it.